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St. Croix

Associated Dates: 1400 – 1000 Y.B.P.


St. Helena

Associated Dates: 8000 – 5000 Y.B.P.


General Description: may have multiple notching on blade edge; base straight to convex; shoulder and shoulder edge straight

St. Mary’s Hall

Associated Dates: 11,500 Y.B.P. (actual dates pending; see more below)

General Description: This recently defined style resembles, but is distinct from the Plainview type. St. Mary’s Hall points were defined and dated at the Wilson-Leonard site, where the style dates before 9500 B.C., definitely younger than Plainview. (Source of preceding: Texasbeyondhistory dot com)

It is important to note, however, that many projectile points formerly classified as “Plainview” may be found to fall within the parameters of this recently-typed discrete form known as St. Mary’s Hall. See the following excerpt from “Earliest Peoples,” Texasbeyondhistory dot com:

“When the St. Mary’s Hall site (41BX229) in San Antonio was dug in the 1970s, a discrete Paleoindian occupation was found, with lanceolate point preforms, a bifacial Clear Fork tool, heavy end scrapers, and the bases of several points that were initially called “Plainview.” Fortunately, when the Wilson-Leonard site was dug a number of years later, some identical points were found and could be linked to radiocarbon dates suggesting that they dated between 9900-8700 radiocarbon years before present, definitely younger than Plainview. Recognizing the typological affinity with 41BX229, analysts named these points “St. Mary’s Hall.”

As parallel-sided "Plainview" points have been reexamined in South Texas assemblages, it is obvious that most of them fall within this new type. A locality on Cibolo Creek known as the Wilson County Sand Pit has yielded dozens, if not hundreds of these points (as well as other Paleoindian types), whose study has further defined the attributes of St. Mary’s Hall points, as found at the type site, Wilson-Leonard, and elsewhere. The points were found by sand-quarry workers during sorting and sieving operations and then sold to numerous artifact collectors. Many of these collections remain intact and need to be fully documented by professional and avocational archeologists. This locality may well have been a highly favorable occupation area comparable to the Gault site.”

St. Mary's Hall Site Location

The St. Mary's Hall Site is located on the property of St. Mary's Hall, a private school in northern San Antonio. The archeological deposits are situated on a colluvial downslope of Salado Creek, about thirty-five meters east of the present channel. For more information, see: http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/SS/bbs1.html


ABOVE: STMARY01: St. Mary’s Hall points from Wilson County Sand Pit Site along Cibolo Creek, Texas. Drawings by Richard McReynolds. Source: Texasbeyondhistory dot com

ABOVE: STMARY02: St. Mary’s Hall points; south Texas Plains, surface-collected. Source: Texasbeyondhistory dot com, photograph by David Calame

St. Tammany

Associated Dates: 1400 – 1000 Y.B.P.



End of St. Croix tp St. Tammany - Complete

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